“The Yoruba Are on a Rock”: Liberated Africans and African Work in Grenada (Forthcoming)


“Diaspora Consciousness, Historical Memory, and Culture in Three Liberated African Villages in Grenada, 1850s–2014.” In Liberated Africans and the Abolition of the Slave Trade, 1807–1896, edited by Richard Anderson and Henry Lovejoy, 384–408. Rochester: Rochester University Press, 2020.

“Tracing the Ethnic Origins of Enslaved Africans in Grenada.” Atlantic Studies: Global Currents, 16, no. 2 (2018): 160–83.

“The Cosmopolitan Caribbean Spirit and Europe: Cosmopolitan Sensibilities amongst Spiritual Baptist Adherents.” In European Cosmopolitanism: Colonial Histories and Postcolonial Societies, edited by John Narayan and Gurminder Bhambra, 106–18. London: Routledge, 2017.


Conference Presentations

2020  “The Kola Nut in Caribbean History: Local and Global Circulations,” The Early Modern Global Caribbean, The Huntington Library, Sep., 18

2019   “Embodying and Suppressing Sango: African Work in Grenada’s Independence Struggle and Revolutionary Years, 1950-1980s,” KOSANBA, The Scholarly Association for the Study of Haitian Vodou, Duke University, Sep. 19-21

2018  'The Only Caribbean Country is Munich that Never Work Slave with People': Diaspora Consciousness in

Three Liberated African Villages," Society for Caribbean Studies (SCS) Conference, Institute of Advanced                  Legal Studies, University of London, Jul. 4-6

2018  "'A Sole and Valued Treasure of a Slave': The Kola Nut in the African Diaspora," New York African Studies

Association (NYASA), Seton Hall University, NJ, Apr. 13-14

2017  "Kola Nut: A West African Commodity in Europe and the Americas," African Studies Association (ASA)      Conference, Chicago, Nov. 14-16

2017  "Divining with, and Producing, the Obi: The Production and Use of the Kola  Nut in the British                     Caribbean," Society for Caribbean Studies (SCS) Conference, University of Essex, Jul. 3-5

2017  "The Kola Nut in the Atlantic World: Commercial and Religious Exchange," Association of  Caribbean

Historians (ACH) Conference, Tobago, May 14-19

2016  "The Ethnic Origins of Enslaved Africans in Grenada: Runaway Advertisements," Caribbean and Diasporic

Dialogues Conference, Goldsmiths, University of London, Jun. 27-29

2015  "Liberated Africans in Nineteenth-century Grenada: Ethnic Heterogeneity and Cultural Legacies," Society

for Caribbean Studies (SCS) Conference, The Drum Arts Centre, Birmingham, Jul. 1-3

2015  "Breaking the Kola Nut on New Ground: Liberated Africans in Grenada," Mobilizing Memory, Collegium    for African American Research (CAAR) Conference, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, Jun. 24-28 

2015  "Mami Wata in the Diaspora," Igbo Womanhood, Womanbeing and Personhood, Igbo Conference, SOAS,    University of London, Apr. 17-18

2014  "'King and Governor of all the Ebo people in Grenada': Tracing the Igbo through Documentary and          

Cultural Evidence," Igbo Heritage: Production, Diffusion and Legacy, Igbo Conference, SOAS, University  

of London, May 2-3 

2013  "'An Insane Attempt to Blend the Delusions of Africa with the Profession of Christianity': Some Theoretical

Issues Concerning the Spiritual Baptist and Orisha Traditions in the southeastern Caribbean," Caribbean                    Postgraduate Network Workshop, Institute of the Americas, University College London, Nov. 1

2012  "Religion, Memory and Identity Formation among Indentured Africans and their Descendants in Grenada,1836-present," Rethinking the Americas: People, Places and Cultures Conference, Newcastle University,

Mar. 15

2011  "Remembering Grenada’s Indentured Africans," Remembering Slavery, Forgetting Indenture? Bangor

University, Wales, Sep. 9-10

Invited Talks

2017  "Kola: A West African Commodity in the Atlantic World," Atlantic History Speaker Series, UCLA, Nov. 3


2015  "African Artistic Triumphs and Cultural Resilience in the Caribbean: Understanding the Yoruba Cultural      Heritage in the Caribbean," African Diaspora Conference & International Seminar Series, Adeyemi College 

of Education, Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria, Dec. 9


2014  "Grenada’s Last Africans," James Pitt Lecture Series, Grenada National Museum, St. George, Grenada,

Jul. 10

2010  "The Legacies of the Yoruba in the Caribbean," Global Conference of Black Nationalities, The Centre for        Black Culture and International Understanding (CBCIU), Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria, Aug. 23


Departmental and Campus Talks

2018  "Kola Nut: Religion, Medicine, and Food," Marist College, Nov. 29

2018  "'A Sole and Valued Treasure of a Slave': The Kola Nut in the African Diaspora," SUNY Oneonta, Apr. 19

2017  "Orisha Devotion in Grenada: Origins, Formation and Future," SUNY Oneonta, Mar. 9

2016  "London and the Transatlantic Slave Trade," Purdue University Study Abroad, SOAS, University of              

London, Mar. 7

2015  "Recreating Orisha Worship in Grenada: Transnational Religious Connections," SOAS African History

Seminar, SOAS, University of London, Feb. 18

2012  "Indentured Africans and their Descendants in Grenada, 1836-2011," SOAS African History Seminar,       

SOAS, University of London, May 9

2011  "'It’s Not Shango, We Doing African Work': Women and Shango in Grenada," Creole Day, SOAS,                    

University of London, Oct. 11